In order to better understand ECARO-25, it’s necessary to talk a little about the fire triangle.
The Fire Triangle
The Fire Triangle is a demonstration of the three elements required for fire to exist (shown in the picture to the left). The first element to fire is Fuel, or Something that will burn. The second, is Oxygen. The third is Heat, or enough to make the fuel ignite and burn. Without any one of the three elements, fire will not continue to burn.
Most fire systems installed in buildings that aren’t specifically purposed for protecting equipment leave residue, or damage important equipment. While those systems are fundamental in protecting the structures from being destroyed by fire, they don’t necessarily protect the equipment within those structures. Clean Agent Systems were introduced to protect assets, while suppressing fire.
Years ago it was discovered that chemicals could do a very efficient job of suppressing fire. There are several solutions that have been, and are currently employed. For several years, a primary Clean Agent used for suppressing fire was Halon 1301. Citing the Halon Alternative Research Corporation: “Halon adds a fourth dimension to fire fighting – breaking the chain reaction. It stops the fuel, the ignition (or heat) and the oxygen from dancing together by chemically reacting with them.”
Halon is a very effective clean agent used for suppressing fire.
Halon 1301 is a CFC. As a result, Halon production was ceased in 1994. In other words, it wasn’t friendly to the environment. Because of the change in production, a new gas was commonly used, FM-200. FM-200 can still be found in facilities around the globe, and is a very effective clean agent. FM-200 is still available for purchase, and it remains one of the most effective methods for Fire Suppression.
There is another solution that has recently been used to suppress fire that’s quite popular. It’s environmental impact is far lower, but it’s still quite effective with fire suppression. It’s called Novec 1230.
Apart from claims that it’s more efficient, it’s atmospheric lifetime span is a mere 5 days! That’s a very short amount of time compared to it’s rival FM-200.
The below video talks about ANSUL’s SAPPHIRE.